The sorghum midge, Contarinia sorghicola (Coq.), in East Africa

Geering, Q.A. (1953) The sorghum midge, Contarinia sorghicola (Coq.), in East Africa. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 44 (2). pp. 363-366.

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Contarinia sorghicola was discovered in Uganda in 1951, the only previous African record being from the Sudan. The infestation started in September in early varieties of sorghum grown in observation plots and reached a peak onlate varieties and ratoons in early March, thereafter declining as parasitism, chiefly by Tetrastichus sp. and Aprostocetus sp., increased to reach 100 per cent. in April. The life-cycle was normally 19–25 days, but between December and April diapause larvae were found; these all produced adults in early August, following a period of high humidity. Midges morphologically indistinguishable from C. sorghicola have been bred from Eleusine coracana and from wild Sorghum verticilliflorum in Uganda, and the midge may well be endemic wherever wild sorghums grow. Enquiries show that midge damage to sorghum occurs in Kenya, Tanganyika and Nyasaland, and it is likely that all the mainsorghum growing areas of Africa will prove to be infested

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: Empire Cotton Growing Corporation, Cotton Research Station, Namulonge, Uganda
Subjects: Plant Protection > Pests
Divisions: Sorghum
Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2012 10:18
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2012 03:49
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