Genetic relationships of sorghum germplasm in Asia and Africa revealed by rice cDNA-STS and indel markers

Strelchenko, Pjotr and Okuizumi, Hisato and Shehzad, Tariq and Malinovskaya, Elena and Kawase, Makoto and Fukuoka, Shuichi and Okuno, Kazutoshi (2010) Genetic relationships of sorghum germplasm in Asia and Africa revealed by rice cDNA-STS and indel markers. Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly, 44 (3). pp. 259-268.

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The elucidation of Sorghum bicolor intraspecific genetic diversity is of interest in studies on evolutionary forces under domestication and geographical distribution, and has application in the design of programs for conservation, management and uses of genetic resources in breeding programs. Since molecular markers enable assessment of genetic relationship, various types of markers have been developed in many investigations of crops. This work aimed to assess the level of genetic diversity in grain sorghum collected from different regions in Asia including Central Asia and Africa. For the purpose, 14 rice cDNA-STS and 10 insertion/deletion (Indel) markers have been used. The majority of genes tagged by these markers were genes of complex crucial enzymes of cellular metabolism and stress-inducible proteins. Based on the markers, 48 sorghum accessions selected from the collection in NIAS Genebank (Tsukuba, Japan), and those from the All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Industry (St. Petersburg, Russia) were analyzed using cluster and principal coordinate analyses. The results demonstrated the existence of three major geographical centers for sorghum evolution and differentiation. Two of the centers are found in the African continent where sorghum is suggested to have been domesticated. Asian sorghums are grouped in a geographical cluster distinctive from the African groups. More precisely, there are separate sub-groups of accessions originating from East Asia and Central Asia, respectively. This is the first report of the Central Asian sorghum cultivars forming a unique genetic group. The variety groups demonstrated here may provide important information on phylogenic differentiation of this crop in Asia and Africa. This work demonstrated that rice cDNA-STS and Indel markers are useful instruments for evaluation of sorghum genetic diversity.

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Industry 42 Bolshaya Morskaya Street, 190000 St. Petersburg, Russia
Subjects: Crop Improvement > Genetics/Genomics
Crop Improvement > Plant Breeding
Crop Improvement > Biotechnology
Divisions: Sorghum
Depositing User: Mr T L Gautham
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2010 21:08
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2010 20:52
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