Host Plant Induced Variation in Gut Bacteria of Helicoverpa armigera

Priya, N G and Ojha, A and Kajla, M K and et al, . (2012) Host Plant Induced Variation in Gut Bacteria of Helicoverpa armigera. PLosOne, 7 (1). pp. 1-10.

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Helicoverpa are important polyphagous agricultural insect pests and they have a worldwide distribution. In this study, we report the bacterial community structure in the midgut of fifth instar larvae of Helicoverpa armigera, a species prevalent in the India, China, South Asia, South East Asia, Southern & Eastern Africa and Australia. Using culturable techniques, we isolated and identified members of Bacillus firmus, Bacillus niabense, Paenibacillus jamilae, Cellulomonas variformis, Acinetobacter schindleri, Micrococcus yunnanesis, Enterobacter sp., and Enterococcus cassiliflavus in insect samples collected from host plants grown in different parts of India. Besides these the presence of Sphingomonas, Ralstonia, Delftia, Paracoccus and Bacteriodetes was determined by culture independent molecular analysis. We found that Enterobacter and Enterococcus were universally present in all our Helicoverpa samples collected from different crops and in different parts of India. The bacterial diversity varied greatly among insects that were from different host plants than those from the same host plant of different locations. This result suggested that the type of host plant greatly influences the midgut bacterial diversity of H. armigera, more than the location of the host plant. On further analyzing the leaf from which the larva was collected, it was found that the H. armigera midgut bacterial community was similar to that of the leaf phyllosphere. This finding indicates that the bacterial flora of the larval midgut is influenced by the leaf surface bacterial community of the crop on which it feeds. Additionally, we found that laboratory made media or the artificial diet is a poor bacterial source for these insects compared to a natural diet of crop plant.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Conceived and designed the experiments: RR. Performed the experiments: NGP AO MKK AR. Analyzed the data: RR NGP. Wrote the paper: RR NGP.
Author Affiliation: Department of Zoology, University of Delhi, Delhi, India
Subjects: Plant Protection
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2012 05:21
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2012 05:21
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