Molecular markers for rust and Pyricularia leaf spot disease resistance in pearl millet

Morgan, R.N. and Wilson, J.P. and Hanna, W.W. and Ozias-Akins, P. (1998) Molecular markers for rust and Pyricularia leaf spot disease resistance in pearl millet. Theoretical and Applied Genetics , 96 (3-4). pp. 413-420.

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Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) is a warm-season grass used for food, feed, fodder and forage, primarily in countries of Africa and India but grown around the world. The two most destructive diseases to pearl millet in the United States are rust (caused by Puccinia substriata var. indica) and pyricularia leaf spot (caused by Pyricularia grisea [Magnaporthe grisea]). Genes for disease resistance to both pathogens have been transferred into agronomically acceptable forage and grain cultivars. A study was undertaken to identify molecular markers for three rust loci and one pyricularia resistance locus. Three segregating populations were screened for RAPDs using random decamer primers and for RFLPs using a core set of probes detecting single-copy markers on the pearl millet map. The rust resistance gene Rr1 from the pearl millet subspecies P. glaucum ssp. monodii was linked 8.5 cM from the RAPD OP-G8350. The linkage of two RFLP markers, Xpsm108 (15.5 cM) and Xpsm174 (17.7 cM), placed the Rr1 gene on linkage-group 3 of the pearl millet map. Rust resistance genes from both Tift 89D2 and ICMP 83506 were placed on linkage group 4 by determining genetic linkage to the RFLP marker Xpsm716 (4.9 and 0.0 cM, respectively). Resistance in ICMP 83506 was also linked to the RFLP marker Xpsm306 (10.0 cM), while resistance in Tift 89D2 was linked to RAPD markers OP-K19350 (8.8 cM) and OP-O8350 (19.6 cM). Fragments from OP-K19 and OP-O8 in the ICMP 83506 population, and Xpsm306 in the Tift 89D2 population, were monomorphic. Only one RAPD marker (OP-D11700, 5.6 cM) was linked to pyricularia leaf spot resistance. Attempts to detect polymorphisms with rice RFLP probes linked to rice blast resistance (Pyricularia oryzae [Magnaporthe grisea]) were unsuccessful.

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton, GA 31793, USA
Subjects: Plant Protection > Pests
Divisions: Millet
Depositing User: Mr B Krishnamurthy
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2010 14:29
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2010 20:46
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