Win–win REDD+ approaches belie carbon–biodiversity trade-offs

Phelps, J. and Friess, D. A. and Webb, E. L. (2012) Win–win REDD+ approaches belie carbon–biodiversity trade-offs. Biological Conservation. 8 pp..

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Recent practise has revealed that conservation interventions that seek to achieve multiple benefits generally face significant, if under-recognized trade-offs. REDD+ policies present prospective win–win solutions for climate change mitigation, rural development and biodiversity conservation. Notably, protecting, enhancing and restoring forests for their carbon sequestration services has the potential to additionally promote the conservation of imperiled tropical biodiversity. However, it has become increasingly apparent that efforts to design a REDD+ mechanism that optimizes emissions reductions and associated co-benefits face significant environmental and economic trade-offs. We provide a framework for conceptualizing the major related policy options, presenting the associated trade-offs as a continuum and as functions of two key factors: (1) geographic targeting, and (2) the selection of specific forest management activities. Our analysis highlights the challenges of assessing trade-offs using existing data and valuation schemes, and the difficulty of paying for and legislating biodiversity co-benefits and safeguards within a future REDD+ mechanism.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: J.P. acknowledges the support of the Harry S. Truman Foundation, Rufford Small Grants Foundation and the National University of Singapore President’s Graduate Fellowship. D.A.F. acknowledges the support of the Singapore-Delft Water Alliance (R264-001-024-272/414). E.L.W. acknowledges support of the Singapore Ministry of Education (R-154-000-400-133).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon; Emissions; REDD; Safeguard; Policy; Forest; Leakage
Author Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117543, Singapore
Subjects: Atmosperic Science
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2012 03:26
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2012 03:27
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