Nutrient composition and feeding value of proso millets, sorghum grains, and corn in broiler diets

Luis, E.S. and Sullivan, T.W. and Nelson, L.A. (1982) Nutrient composition and feeding value of proso millets, sorghum grains, and corn in broiler diets. Poultry Science, 61 (2). pp. 311-320.

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Abstract

Seven cultivars of proso millet (Panicum miliaceum) contained higher amounts of protein and ash than did sorghum grains or maize. These millets were similar or slightly higher in fat than maize, much higher in fat than sorghum (milo) and similar to sorghum in calcium and phosphorus contents. All grains contained tannin except maize. On the average, proso millets contained more fibre and gross energy than did maize and sorghum. Millets were similar to sorghum but lower than maize in true metabolizable energy (TME) and were lower in gross energy (GE) metabolized (TME/GE) than were maize and sorghum. Protein of proso millets contained more isoleucine, phenylalanine, and tryptophan than did maize and milo proteins, but less arginine, glycine, histidine, lysine and threonine. Three trials with broiler chicks were made to determine the feeding value of proso millets, sorghum grains, and maize. All diets were made isocaloric and isonitrogenous by adjusting the levels of soya bean meal, glucose (Cerelose) and cellulose (Solka Floc) in each trial. When the millets, sorghum grains, and maize were given at nearly the same level in broiler diets which contained suboptimal protein (15%), the millet and BR-65 sorghum diets with no amino acid supplementation significantly decreased bodyweight gain and feed conversion efficiency at 4 weeks of age. Methionine and lysine supplementation of these diets resulted in significant improvements in gain and feed conversion efficiency, with chicks fed on millet and BR-65 sorghum showing the greatest improvements. When the "Dawn" cultivar of millet was compared to commercial milo and yellow maize on an equal weight or a protein equivalent basis in broiler diets with adequate protein (22.5%), there were no significant differences in gain or feed efficiency

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: Dep. Animal Science, Inst. Agriculture and Natural Resources, Univ. Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebr. 68583, USA.
Subjects: Crop Improvement
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry > Biochemistry
Social Sciences > Plant Physiology and Biochemistry > Biochemistry
Divisions: Millet
Sorghum
Depositing User: Mr B Krishnamurthy
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2012 03:50
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2012 03:50
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/ps.0610311
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/7069

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