Marker-assisted selection for early-season cold tolerance in sorghum: QTL validation across populations and environments

Knoll, J. and Ejeta, G. (2008) Marker-assisted selection for early-season cold tolerance in sorghum: QTL validation across populations and environments. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 116 (4). pp. 541-553.

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Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] landraces from China generally exhibit excellent emergence and seedling vigor under cool conditions, and are being used as sources of genes for improvement of seedling cold tolerance in other cultivars. Marker-assisted selection (MAS) could expedite the introgression of genes from landraces into elite lines, however, only a few studies have empirically demonstrated efficacy of MAS for quantitatively inherited agronomic traits. In a preceding study we identified quantitative trait loci (QTL) for early-season performance in a recombinant inbred (RI) population, one parent of which was a cold-tolerant Chinese line, ‘Shan Qui Red’ (SQR). In this study, three SSR markers (Xtxp43, Xtxp51, and Xtxp211), each representing a QTL, were tested in two new populations: (Tx2794 × SQR F3) and (Wheatland × SQR BC1F3). Individual families were genotyped, and early-season field performance was measured for two years. Statistical analyses showed that the SQR allele of Xtxp43 had favorable effects on seedling vigor in both populations, and on emergence in the Tx2794 population. A large positive effect of the SQR allele of Xtxp51 was observed in the Tx2794 population for vigor and emergence. Slight genotype by environment interaction was observed for Xtxp51 in the Wheatland population. Marker Xtxp211 had small but significant effects on seedling vigor and emergence in both populations. Various interactions between loci were also significant. This study validated QTL markers in various genetic backgrounds, and demonstrated the utility of MAS for a quantitative trait, early-season cold tolerance, evaluated in the field.

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: Department of Agronomy, Purdue University, 915 W. State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
Subjects: Crop Improvement
Divisions: Sorghum
Depositing User: Mr. SanatKumar Behera
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2012 06:51
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2012 06:53
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