Early domesticated sorghum from Central Sudan

Clark, J.D. and Stemler, A. (1975) Early domesticated sorghum from Central Sudan. Nature, 254 (5501). pp. 588-591.

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After examination of carbonized plant material excavated from a storage pit at Jebel et Tomat it was concluded that the sorghum material found in the pit was fully domesticated, domestication being indicated by the loss of anatomical features which facilitate dispersal of seed by natural agents. Spikelets bearing grain were found which were still attached to branchlets of the inflorescence or rachis fragments. Carbonized plant remains from the floor of the pit were dated 245 plus or minus 60 AD. It was concluded that the sorghum remains found belong to race bicolor of Sorghum bicolor. The size and shape of the carbonized grains and spikelets were well within the range of variation of cultivated sorghum of the race bicolor currently grown in many parts of Africa

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley, USA
Subjects: Crop Improvement > Genetics/Genomics
Crop Improvement > Plant Breeding
Divisions: Sorghum
Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2012 03:48
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2012 03:49
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/7562

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