Effects of Climate and Agricultural Practices on the Ecophysiology of Pigeonpea in the Southeastern United States

Wilson, C. and Hui, D. and Tegegne, F. and Nwaneri, E. and Davidson, C. and Duseja, D. (2012) Effects of Climate and Agricultural Practices on the Ecophysiology of Pigeonpea in the Southeastern United States. Pure and Applied Biology , 1 (2). pp. 33-39.

PDF - Published Version
| Preview


Many factors such as climate and agricultural practices influence the ecophysiology of legume crops. As an important legume crop, pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) has been grown mainly in arid, semi-arid tropical and subtropical regions of the World. However, performance of pigeonpea in southeastern United States has not been extensively investigated. To test the effects of climate and agricultural practices on the ecophysiology of pigeonpea, we conducted a two-year field experiment in Nashville, Tennessee. Precipitation during the growing season showed contrasting patterns with fall drought in 2010 and frequent precipitation in 2011. Four pigeonpea varieties at three planting densities were evaluated in both years. Measurements included maximum net leaf photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, transpiration, water use efficiency (WUE), leaf area index (LAI), and soil respiration. We found strong interannual variations in all variables investigated. Leaf photosynthetic rates, stomatal conductance, transpiration and LAI were significantly higher in 2011 than in 2010. The high values observed in 2011 were mainly due to high precipitation rates during and after the flowering time. Pigeonpea varieties G1 and W3 had higher photosynthetic rates and LAI while variety W3 had the highest WUE. Planting density did not influence these ecophysiological variables except for plant transpiration. Our results indicated that variety selection could improve pigeonpea performance under varying climatic conditions. Although pigeonpea varieties are adaptable to drought, irrigation and growing in moist climatic regions could significantly enhance its ecophysiological performance and yield.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Density; Photosynthesis; Leaf area index; Soil Respiration; Transpiration; Variety; Water use efficiency.
Author Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN 37209, USA, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN 37209, USA
Subjects: Atmosperic Science > Climatology
Plant Production
Statistics and Experimentation > Experimentation
Divisions: Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Mr. SanatKumar Behera
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2012 14:21
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2012 14:22
Official URL: http://thepab.org/pab/index.php/current-issue/29-e...
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/8110

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item