Physical, chemical and dehulling characteristics of pearl millet cultivars grown in the West African sub-region

Nkama, I. and Drame, D. and Uga, Co and Ndoye, A. and Kaka, S. and Manful, J. (2005) Physical, chemical and dehulling characteristics of pearl millet cultivars grown in the West African sub-region. Journal of Food Science and Technology , 42 (2). pp. 188-191.

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Abstract

Twenty six pearl millet cultivars from Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal comprising popular and new varieties were evaluated for their physical, chemical and dehulling characteristics. Wide variations were observed in their physical, chemical and dehulling properties. Range of values obtained were: 1000 grain wt. 6.86–16.10 g, 1000 grain vol. 5.0– 13.3 ml, density 0.98–1.38 g/ml, visual hardness 3.5–4.17 and floaters 13.0–68.67%. The dehulling yield varied from 50.0 to 82.50%. Protein content varied from 7.19 to 12.05%, fat 3.92–7.74%, ash 1.20–1.90%, and carbohydrate 72.76–78.42%. Grain density was significantly correlated with dehulling yield (r = +0.42, P < 0.05) and visual hardness was significantly correlated with percentage of floaters (r = —0.4373, P < 0.05). Protein content was significantly correlated with fat content (r = 0.42, P < 0.05) and carbohydrate content (r = 0.45, P < 0.05). Cv. SOSAT- C88 from Senegal exhibited different chemical composition (protein and fat) compared to cv. SOSAT-C88 from Nigeria.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Composition; Hulling; Husking; Millet; Pearl Millet
Author Affiliation: University of Maiduguri, P.M.B.-I069, Maiduguri, Nigeria, IER, Bamko, P.M.B. Maiduguri,I.T.A. Dakar, INRAN, Naimey,Niger, FRI, ACCRA, Ghana
Subjects: Soil Science and Microbiology
Crop Improvement
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry > Biochemistry
Divisions: Millet
Depositing User: Mr. SanatKumar Behera
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2012 12:11
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2012 12:11
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/8324

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