Carrying Capacity of Indian Agriculture

Pathak, P.S. and Devakumar, C. (2011) Carrying Capacity of Indian Agriculture. Working Paper. National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, New Delhi.

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Ecologists define the Carrying Capacity (CC) of the ecosystems as the population of humans and animals that can be sustained, based on the primary productivity of plants, with the available resources and services without damaging the resource base – soil, water and environment. Others identify CC as the maximum number of individuals of a given species that can be supported on a sustainable basis. A more detailed definition is the maximum rate of resource consumption and waste discharge that can be sustained indefinitely in a defined region without progressively impairing the productivity and ecological integrity. CC is not a static number as land productivity can be enhanced with inputs of water, energy, plant nutrients, crop genotypes and using advanced technologies / products from these. Carrying capacity provides the physical limits for the maximum rate of resource consumption and waste discharges. The concept further implies that improvement in the quality of life is possible only when the patterns and levels of production and consumption do not have more than the acceptable adverse ecological impact. Further, CC following the law of limiting factors, is determined by the single vital resource in least supply, such as water in the rain-fed agriculture.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Food Security, Climate Change, Global Warming, Indian Agriculture
Author Affiliation: National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, New Delhi. pp 14.
Subjects: Social Sciences
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2012 06:01
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2012 06:23
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