Kothari, S.L. and Kumar, S. and Vishnoi, R.K. and Kothari, A. and Watanabe, K.N.
Applications of biotechnology for improvement of millet crops:
Review of progress and future prospects.
Plant Biotechnol, 22 (2).
Millets are small seeded grasses grown for food, feed or forage and cultivated mostly in less developed
countries in poor soil and dry conditions. There are at least 10 genera and 14 species of millets belonging to the Poaceae
(Gramineae) family. Tissue culture and plant regeneration occurring through different morphogenic pathways have been
reported in great detail in millets. Gene transfer has been attempted using various methods, but so far transgenic plants have
been developed only in Pearl millet and Bahiagrass. Not much work has been done on transgenesis in other millets. This is
primarily because they have less economic value and are cultivated in poor countries, where research and development are
also poor. In the present review we have attempted to provide available information on millet tissue culture and genetic
transformation. We have underlined the importance of transgenesis in millet improvement and the role that biotechnology
can play in the improvement of these crops grown in a variety of harsh conditions.
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