Breeding for Cold Tolerance in Chickpea

Chaturvedi, S.K. and Mishra, D.K. and Vyas, P. and Mishra, N. (2009) Breeding for Cold Tolerance in Chickpea. Trends in Biosciences, 2 (2). pp. 1-4.

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Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), a winter season crop, is the 4th largest grain-legume crop in the world. In India, among various grain legumes grown chickpea ranks 1st covering 8.25 m ha area during 2008-09. Being a cool-season crop, chickpea faces low temperature to the tune of 0-5°C for about 15-20 days in the northern states. The sensitivity of varieties at flowering to chilling temperature below 10°C has adverse effect on chickpea production (15-20% yield losses). The development of varieties possessing cold/low temperature tolerance is viable option for enhancing chickpea production and productivity in low temperature environments of countries like India, Canada and Australia. In present paper, attempts have been made to define cold/low temperature stress in relation to chickpea for different growing environments/countries. Various screening techniques and scoring index in vogue, availability of donors, genetics of cold tolerance, different aspects of varieties development including problems and prospects have been discussed

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chickpea, cold tolerance, production, environment, review
Author Affiliation: Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur, 208 024
Subjects: Crop Improvement > Genetics/Genomics
Crop Improvement > Plant Breeding
Divisions: Chickpea
Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2012 03:25
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2012 03:25
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