Anuran species richness, complementarity and conservation conflicts in Brazilian Cerrado

Diniz-Filho, J.A.F. and Bini, L.M. and Pinto, M.P. and et al, . (2006) Anuran species richness, complementarity and conservation conflicts in Brazilian Cerrado. Acta Oecologica, 29 (1). pp. 9-15.

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Abstract

Broad-scale correlations between species richness and human population suggest that processes driving species richness, mainly related to high ecological productivity, may also drive human populations. However, it is still under debate if this coincidence implies conflicts between biodiversity conservation and human development. In this paper, we analyzed the relationships among human population size, species richness and irreplaceability in Brazilian Cerrado. We analyzed a dataset with 131 species of anurans distributed in 181 cells with 1° of spatial resolution covering the biome. We found a positive correlation between human population size and anuran species richness (r = 0.46; P = 0.033 with 19.5 geographically effective degrees of freedom, v*), but the irreplaceability of each cell was poorly correlated with human population size (r = 0.075; P = 0.323; v* = 173.9). The 17 cells in the 97 optimal reserve networks contained a total human population ranging from 2942,195 to 4319,845 people, representing on average 11.8% of the human population in the entire Cerrado grid. The comparison of these observed values with 10,000 values from randomly generated networks suggests a relatively high flexibility in optimal complementarity sets for reserve selection. Our results indicated that correlation between richness and human population does not necessarily result in conflicts, given the opportunities for conciliating conservation and development. However, the analyses performed here are initial explorations within the framework of conservation biogeography, so more detailed studies are necessary to establish conservation planning at regional and local scales.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This paper is part of a project for establishing conservation priorities in Brazilian Cerrado funded by a PRONEX program from CNPq/SECTEC-GO (proc. no. 23234156).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Conservation conflicts; Species richness; Complementarity; Human populations; Reserve design; Optimization
Author Affiliation: Departamento de Biologia, ICB, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Caixa Postal 131, 74001-970 Goiânia, GO, Brazil
Subjects: Statistics and Experimentation
Environmental Science > Ecology
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr Balakrishna Garadasu
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2013 18:01
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2013 18:01
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2005.07.004
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/9441

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