Contribution of Non-Timber Forest Products livelihood strategies to rural development in drylands of Sudan: Potentials and failures

Adam, Y.O. and Pretzsch, J. and Pettenella, D. (2013) Contribution of Non-Timber Forest Products livelihood strategies to rural development in drylands of Sudan: Potentials and failures. Agricultural Systems. pp. 1-8.

[img] PDF (In Press, Corrected Proof )
Restricted to ICRISAT researchers only


In recent decades there has been growing interest in the contribution of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) livelihood strategies to rural development and poverty alleviation. However, the potential of NTFPs to contribute to development remained limited and open to doubt. The study objectives were to: (i) analyze the role of NTFPs livelihood strategies in rural development in order to explain their potentials and failures; and (ii) identify and analyze the factors influencing the contribution of NTFPs livelihood strategies to household income. The study was carried out analyzing three NTFPs in Rashad locality in the Nuba Mountains, Sudan in 2008–2009. The data were collected through interviews, direct observations and market surveys. Purposive sampling technique was applied to select 221 and 62 collector and trader households, respectively. The results revealed that Adansonia digitata fruit sale represents a subsistence strategy for some sampled households and accumulative strategy for others, while Ziziphus spina-christi and Balanites aegyptiaca fruits sale is a subsistence strategy for all the surveyed households. The study results also showed that the income from selling the fruits was positively and negatively influenced by different external and internal factors. The study concluded that any assumption regarding the potential of NTFPs to positively affect rural development depends on their role in an accumulative strategy that lifts people out of poverty. Institutional, technical and financial supports are necessary to influence the future direction of the NTFP contribution toward accumulative strategy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The authors are grateful to the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Researches, Sudan for sponsoring the PhD study for the first author. We also thank the Technische Universität Dresden and Education Support Fund Africa (ESFA) for covering the primary and secondary data collection costs, respectively
Uncontrolled Keywords: NTFPs; Livelihood strategies; Income generation; Expenditure; Capital accumulation; Sudan
Author Affiliation: Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry, University of Khartoum, Shambat Campus, Box 32, Code 13314, Khartoum North, Sudan
Subjects: Social Sciences
Social Sciences > Agricultural Extension,Technology, ICT
Statistics and Experimentation
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr Balakrishna Garadasu
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2013 04:15
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2013 04:15
Official URL:

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item