Genomic dosage effects on heterosis in triploid maize

Yao, H. and Gray, A.D. and Auger, D.L. and Birchler, J.A. (2012) Genomic dosage effects on heterosis in triploid maize. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America(PNAS). pp. 1-5.

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The genetic basis of hybrid vigor or heterosis has been debated for more than a century. A popular hypothesis to explain this phenomenon is that there are different slightly deleterious recessive homozygous alleles in the two parents and that these alleles are complemented in the hybrid so that the biomass and fertility exceed both parents. To address the complementation hypothesis in a direct manner, heterosis was examined in diploid inbreds and reciprocal hybrids and compared with matched triploid inbred derivatives and two types of triploid hybrids that differ in the number of genomes from the different parents. Complementation of recessive mutations would occur equally in the two types of triploid hybrids predicting that, if this complementation were the sole basis of the heterotic response, the two types of triploid hybrids would be equivalent for hybrid vigor. However, the reciprocal diploid hybrids were similar for six of nine measured traits, but the two types of triploid hybrids differed significantly for eight of the same traits. Importantly, the triploid hybrids differed in the level of high-parent heterosis relative to the derived triploid inbreds. Also, the differences observed between the reciprocal triploid hybrids correlated strongly with differences observed between the inbreds, either at the diploid or triploid level, in a manner explicable by genome dosage rather than parent of origin effects. The findings of this study suggest that a major component of heterosis is a mechanism that is modulated by dosage-sensitive factors that involves allelic diversity across the genome.

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211
Subjects: Crop Improvement
Divisions: Maize
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2013 03:02
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2013 03:02
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