Linkage and the synthesis of better genotypes in self-fertilizing species

Bailey, T.B. Jr. and Comstock, R.E. (1976) Linkage and the synthesis of better genotypes in self-fertilizing species. Crop Science, 16 (3). pp. 363-370.

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Abstract

The basic task of the breeder of self-fertilized species is the aggregation of superior alleles in a single pure line or cultivar. This study focused on the model problem of collecting into one line all the favorable alleles present in one or the other of any pair of pure lines. Background theory and simulation data are presented. The breeding procedure investigated involved intra-line selection during the formation of single seed descent lines from an F2, followed by selection among the derived lines. We also considered recurrent use of the procedure; two selected lines from one cycle being crossed to provide the F2 base for the next cycle. Simulation was used to investigate the effect of genetic linkage on response to selection as reflected by probabilities of fixation of favorable alleles. As was to be expected, our data show that those probabilities are decreased by repulsion but increased by coupling linkages among the superior alleles. It follows that the impact of linkage depends on the way in which the superior alleles present in one parent line but not in the other are distributed among and within linkage groups. Assuming this to be random, our results indicate that, when parent lines are about equal in genetic value, the balance between repulsion and coupling will be such that linkage will have little effect on the average probability of fixation. However when one parent line is substantially better than the other, there will be more coupling linkage and the average probability of fixation will be increased. Nevertheless the average genetic value of selected lines will be less than or, at best, little above the level of the superior parent line. We conclude that the full genetic potential of a two line gene pool is not likely to be achieved by the selection system described. Two systems believed superior to the one on which this study was focused are discussed. Both require increases in the proportion of seed produced by cross-pollination but this may be justified by the associated potential for genetic improvement

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: SNNigam Collection
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fixation probability, Simulation, Recurrent selection, Superior alleles,
Author Affiliation: Department of Genetics and Cell Biology, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, USA
Subjects: Crop Improvement > Genetics/Genomics
Crop Improvement > Plant Breeding
Divisions: Other Crops
Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2013 05:46
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2013 03:39
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/Crop Science 1976 Vol. 16 No. 3 ...
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/9872

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